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I've installed Linux Distros on new & old PCs (towers & SFFs) and laptops; mostly on NUC Kits because they are sold without a proprietary operating system or OS baked in. Even Android phones (like my Honor 5X) can now be changed to Lineage OS. After many trials and errors over the last near-decade, along with thousands of posted complaints at Reddit and other Linux or tech forums, a clear pattern emerged. In fact, with so many such posts at Linux4noobs (alone), they should rename that subreddit...

The Curse of Dual Booting!   All the times I've seen-read-hear about problems concerning a Linux OS (from among the stable LTS Ubuntu derivatives), it is almost always set-up where the unit is first formatted in Microsoft's NTFS proprietary standard (today it is via Win-10), and then someone attempts a dual-boot Linux, with two formats partitioned on one drive: NTFS & Ext4: Not good! (Read MUO's How to Safely Uninstall Ubuntu From a Windows Dual-Boot PC)

And why do so anyway? Why are thousands of Mac users, not joining all the Linux Reddit's, and other such tech platforms, trying to dual-boot Linux with Mac, or, trying to explain why not to do so? Simple! They are satisfied with macOS and thus, not even seeking alternatives. Why even consider Linux if Win-10 is so superior? Just stay with it; if it works don't fix it. Windows is expensive because it's very complex and overbuilt; conversely, Linux is simple. Don't expect Linux to be Windows or Mac-OS with another name.

Now, all this does not mean that only a Linux/Windows dual-boot system has problems, it just means that the vast majority of units with problems; that's their situation: Therefore I don't recommend it. Why? There's more going on than a simple Hard Drive partition, where a unit boots and everything works, just because it's on a separate partition & format. But that's what the know-it-all advice peddlers want you to believe: They're not financially accountable when their "advise" harms your system; they never back-up their BS with $$! But here's a Guide To The Best Laptops For Linux (2019). My Acer Aspire E-15 now has 3 different Linux Distros that I triple boot (I sold it in Oct. 2020 to a Linux enthusiast who loves it).

In personal computing, a platform is the basic hardware (PC) and software (OS) that platform-specific software applications run on, within the MP system. Computers use specific central processing units (CPUs) that are designed to run specific machine language code (see µarch). Even the file systems are exclusive (NTFS & APFS) and designed (covertly) to cause cross-contamination with each other; the exception being Ext4 which is Open Source. That's why there's so many confirmed glitches with Linux on file system maps other than exclusively Ext4. Thankfully, MS has called a truce in its cold war with Linux.

Glitch City!   By the time I'm summoned to rescue (mostly) laptops that its user has tried to build a dual-boot on, it is so screwed up, mostly by the many applied "tech tweaks" they got online by trolling advise peddlers, that I must zero or shread it, just like I do/would if it had ransomware seemingly locking it down. I install Linux Mint (or any stable Distro), and during the install I select Erase disk and install Linux Mint as a fresh install in default Ext4. All problems solved!

Warning: Do not apply any tech advice given by online trolls (White Angry Young Unpleasant Males, or WAYUMs), who are online with fake profiles and/or made-up accounts, and thus could even be foreign hacks who'd lie about it; frauds nevertheless, who avoid accountability, and covert so they can gang up on you, or otherwise attack & hurt others, from behind the shield of anonymity: It's why they're online! Hence the popularity of all the query bait sites like Reddit.

Overwriting an SSD, everything stored on that (OS) drive is destroyed; hence, why you never-never store anything irreplaceable (any personal content) on the same physical drive as the OS, to begin with. There's really little else one can deliberately do to a laptop worse than attempting to build a Linux dual-boot system with Microsoft (MS) anything; the worst of them all being Win-10. I'm not anti-Microsoft, I just like things to work. Name it what you like; if it works I use it, and if not I warn of it. But for those hellbent on doing so, here's how.

You Must Comply!   FOSS stands for Free & Open-Source Software. Freedom! Proprietary always-always means pay us -$- It is ours: You have our permission to buy and use it, but we own it! Now, it's puzzling to me why anyone would volunteer to be a drone like this, when there are alternatives. It will not always be this way: Have you not watched Continuum? 😀 My phone is Lineage and my laptop & PC's are Linux: The software options are too vast to list. It is just a matter of learning one over another.

One must abandon proprietary products like Apple and MS altogether, or, just have separate branded devices: E.g. An Android, an iPad, an MS Surface, and a NUC-PC with Linux: And use/buy software designed for those brands. Back when computers were expensive, sharing made sense; putting everything on 1 large drive via partitions was less expensive than having physically separate drives, or equipment. These days I recommend separate drives, or better, just multiple devices.

Still, Win-10 is more than two times larger than the largest 2 Linux Distro's running on any consumer device, and that's before anything else is added like apps and so on. The ISO file sizes for Win-10 is 5.3 GB; Linux Mint 20-C and Fedora Workstation's are 2.0 GB each. Peppermint 10 ISO is 1.6 GB. Even the macOS High Serra 10 ISO is 4.85 GB. My newest (Oct. 2020) laptop, an Acer Aspire 5 (A515-55), came with Win-10 on it, and it's at 46 GB of space used, and that's after I've already deleted or uninstalled as much bloatware as I can, and then ran Disk Cleanup and Storage Sense. Another method is to install/run CC Cleaner; it makes it easier to uninstall much of that bloatware that will not uninstall otherwise. Then when you are done, you can just uninstall it!

I've built many Intel NUC Kits; all of them work flawlessly on Linux Mint 19-C: Intel's integrated chipset is a big part of that success. And their Ice Lake Micro-Architecture, as well as AMD's Zen 2: Sweet! And Peppermint 10 is an awesome choice for a low-end laptop while on the fly. Of course, I always keep a BIOS updated (when availed), and recommend it. The main (most logical) reason to buy a NUC Kit is that they do not come with Win-10: Otherwise, the choices for Win-10 PC's (towers, mini's & SFFs) is enormous. Why pick a device that does not come with Win-10 baked into it, and then put Win-10 on it?

Trying a Linux Distro is an awesome idea; just buy an older or used, or a new low-end laptop, and experiment with it first, before trying to create a Windows-Linux dual-boot on a $2K gaming laptop. Linux will run great on a cheap laptop/PC. Whenever you have two completely different operating systems on one computer, problems will arise: Be expecting it. It's like putting flex-fuel in a gasoline car.

When someone brings me an older laptop/PC that they want to reinvigorate, I'll first replace the older mechanical 3.5"-2.5" HDD with a new and much faster SSD of some configuration: It's clean, fast, cool to run, and with no OS ever baked onto it. Then, I will load only L-Mint Cinnamon which only uses Ext4 as format, and everything always works: Always. Here's how to make an ISO.

Why L-Mint? It's not personal: It's just because it just works! I'm getting paid and I do not want repeat work (unpaid) when something fails, down the line. I've done many so far and no call backs with problems. I'll even shred/zero the older removed HDD, simply by reformatting the disk to Ext4 and then they can reuse it with a usb-to-sata cable adapter (laptops) as a larger external storage device (I'll reinstall it internally as secondary in a tower). Thus, everything used is in Ext4 standard format (or FAT32 for USB sticks & SD cards); no more NTFS anything: I no longer own any NTFS (nor any other proprietary) device/s.

We typically learn a software program to do a task (any task) on one OS, and then find the learning curve a bit too sharp on another OS, thus responding to the frustration by critiquing the programs that we did not begin on. That's OK, I read such everywhere, but, it's not justified. Even when Windows XP users jumped over to Win-10, most had the same problems, via the dreaded learning curve. But I found free and open-source software packages easy to learn. And then there's gaming; oh what to do.

Furthermore; regardless of how easily one learns new or updated programs, Win-10 and MacOS requires a minimum of hardware resources to function optimally; 8G+ RAM, 128GB+ SSD, and an Intel Core i5 or i7 Processor. Conversely, Linux Distros do very well on budget or older hardware, with little difference on higher end equipment (depending of course, on what you're using it for). But if you are not tech-savvy, there are quality high-end Linux laptops (and here) and low-cost Linux Mint SFF PC's for your HDTV.

Usage problems will arise when using Win-10 (even cloud mode) with inexpensive processors; Atom, Celeron or Pentium; or the AMD line of low-end processors. Then there's fragmentation; Linux does not need defragmenting because it's all Ext4 (vs FAT32 & NTFS).

Regardless of your Linux OS choice, you really do not want to use a partition for personal content; everything on one large single hard-drive, partitioned. It's better to have a small but fast SDD with only your OS on it (2.5" or M.2; I prefer PCIe NVMe w/an adapter when there's no slot), and then, a peripheral (or external), or mounted drive for all your personal content; especially stuff you cannot recapture online after an OS drive wipe. Such separation also eliminates storage device heat passed to a motherboard.

Run the OS exclusively from a smaller fast internal drive that runs just the OS, so that ransomware (etc) cannot lock you out of your content, or otherwise infect it or destroy it, and always-always use uBlock Origin, which is an important front-line of online defense. Hardware can also fail, causing a loss of data, regardless of the OS brand. By copying files to be worked on (video, audio, pic, office, cad, etc), onto the main SSD, if anything (that can go wrong) goes wrong, you only lose updates, not the whole file. Every business should have all their data backed up regularly onto an air-gapped Linux based PC/laptop.

MS once provided a CD with purchase; if anything went wrong, those who had personal content on the same drive as the OS, lost that content. That's because if a corruption took place, be it any virus or an HDD failure, one could remove the HDD, and if it was not a mechanical issue, plug it into a Linux PC (via a usb-to-sata cable adapter) and shred it. Then reinstall it back into the computer (or a new HDD if it was a mechanical fail), and install Windows as a fresh install. Then MS decided not to provide a CD, so if you have a {$} license you must make your own ISO, just like you do (free) with a Linux ISO.

With a large capacity external storage at home, I borrow (check-out for free) DVD's and music CD's at my local library, and then rip them via Handbrake & Asunder on Linux Mint. Over the last few years I've accumulated a huge video library. I'll get a dozen or so disks at a time, and while I'm doing other things on my NUC-PC, I'll rip them in the background: I'm doing so now, even as I type this on one big screen, while streaming a live ball game on the other big screen. Mass storage is formatted, for that reason, and has no executable files to be read at boot-up, so it's just a mounted storage drive, which is read after boot and manual or auto mount.

There is nothing on the (storage or OS) hard drive that you see on your screen; everything on that screen comes from your RAM. Here's even a list of Linux distros that run only from RAM. The speed of any device is set by the RAM & CPU, not the storage. It's analogous to sand going through an hour glass; the storage device dumps so much into the hour glass, and then the speed at which it comes out, is determined by the CPU, not the storage specs. I'm on 16GB RAM, 128GB M.2 SSD (OS), and 4TB HDD external storage.

That's why I still use mechanical drives for mass storage; they're cheaper (for now) and it does not matter their output, because I use an ultra-fast NVMe PCIe for all on-demand operations. The HDD storage loads its cargo onto the RAM, and there all the processes occur, and when changed, are saved permanently back onto the HDD. With movies, the HDD dumps a load onto the RAM and it plays along until that volatile memory content gets low, and then it tops it off again: We don't see any disruptions while it's doing this. When CAD or video/audio editing: copy (not cut/paste) the entire file onto the M.2, edit-save-edit-save, then (copy/paste) save it all back to the HDD.

Star Labs in Central City!   Yes, there is a real Star Labs beyond DC Comics Central City. But that is (comically) what they print on the bottom of all their Linux-only line of aluminum laptops with backlit keyboards. Nowadays I recommend them, because there is no fuss with having to override all the collateral damage done by the proprietary giants, as they stamp their large footprint on anything and everything tech. As of 2020, I recommend the Intel Core I-3,5,7,9, and the Pentium line of Processors for lightweight units, good for all Linux Distros: AMD is still struggling with compatibility issues with some Linux Distros. As for phones, check out the Fairphone.


Disclaimer: Everything I share online, anywhere, is meant to educate and encourage, because I Love people and hope to be a positive force, even when it hurts. Plus, the honor is to serve: I monetize nothing online. A person who won't read has no advantage over one who can't (Twain)! Those who don't share what they know, it dies with them (Me)! One axiom I've honored since 1975: Never go where you're not wanted! In the digital world the same applies. Any hint that I'm not welcome and I'm gone. My goal is not guilt or disparagement, but fun & joy in genuine unity, whenever I am blessed to receive that. If I offend anyone anywhere anytime, it's not intentional.

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This Purism video is less about their products and more about the tech system itself!